Chicago Citation

 Chicago Reference Guide

Chicago referencing style is commonly referred to as the Chicago Manual Style (CMS). CMS is mostly used in referencing research papers. The current version in use is the manual 6th edition of 2010. Below are general MLA citation guidelines:

Page header

Page numbers flushed right with the first page as page number one.


Title Page:

Chicago title page has two main sections:

► Title: The title is slightly above halfway and written in caps
► Author, date, and course code appear in the last quarter of the title page with single spacing


General Referencing Format

Endnotes and footnotes: Chicago referencing styles use endnotes and footnotes in referencing.

► in-text references: both are written as superscript roman numbers at the end of the sentence.

► In footnotes, the corresponding bibliography reference appears at the bottom of the page.

► Whereas, in endnotes, the full reference appears at the end of the paper.


  • Book

Item Format
Footnote Firstname Lastname, Title of Book (Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number.
Bibliography Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.
  • Journal

Item Format
Footnote FirstName MiddleName Surname, “Article Title within the journal,” Journal Title, issue no if given(no.#) (Year): PageNumber.
Bibliography Surname, FirstName MiddleName. “Article Title within the journal.” Journal Title VolumeNumber, issue number (Year): Pages range.

Website Sources

Item Format
Footnote Firstname Lastname, “Title of Web Page,” Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics, publication date and/or access date if available, URL.
Bibliography Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Web Page.” Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics. Publication date and/or access date if available. URL.

Sample Essay: Chicago Citation Style Example

Sample Chicago Essay

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