Argumentative Essays

What is an argumentative essay?

An argumentative essay is an essay genre that requires the writer to research a topic, gather and generate the relevant evidence and finally come up with a conclusion.

Argumentative essays slightly resemble an expository essay. However, the argumentative essay has its own unique features. 

What is the difference between an argumentative essay and an expository essay?

  1. Amount of research involved. An argumentative essay may require a capstone project while an expository essay does not.
  2. Length of research involved. An argumentative essay has detailed research involving past literature materials whereas an expository essay is based on brief research.
  3. Empirical research required. An argumentative essay may involve empirical research. Therefore, the writer collects data mainly through interviews and surveys unlike is the case with an expository essay.

Argumentative Essay Structure

An argumentative has 3 main parts

  1. Introduction
  2. Main body (3 paragraphs)
  3. Conclusion

An Argumentative Essay Outline Example

A good essay must follow the 5-paragraph essay format as follows.

  1.  Introduction
  2. Main Argument paragraph
  3. Objection Paragraph
  4. Reply Paragraph
  5. Conclusion

You can see how you can write a 5 paragraph essay here. 

Let’s see what each paragraph contains.

Paragraph 1: Introduction

An introduction paragraph of an argumentative essay introduces 

Paragraph 2: Main Argument

You should present your bad argument in this paragraph. A bad argument is a false statement you want to base your idea on. You should choose this idea in a way that it will fail to satisfy your argument in the preceding paragraphs. 

Paragraph 3: The Objection

A good argumentative essay must have a very strong objection to the main argument. This is the paragraph where you present the main argument as to why you object the main argument. 

A common mistake in writing an argumentative essay occurs in this paragraph. Many students will choose a weak statement intentionally for making it easy to argue against. Such ends up in weak arguments that render your argumentative essay as weak thus scoring few marks.

Paragraph 4: The Reply

A reply defends the main argument against objectives.

Paragraph 5: The Conclusion

Conclusion proves that the objection provided is a bad objection. In other words, the main argument just is given is a BAD argument. As well, it proves that the proves the objection is a BAD objection.


Argumentative Essay Basics

  1. Include a thesis statement in the first paragraph. The paragraph starts with a brief description of the topic. Thereafter, the writer briefly explains the importance of the discussion. Lastly, you should write a clear and strong thesis statement at the end of the first paragraph. Also, visit how to write a good thesis statement to find out how to write a strong thesis statement.
  2. Establish logical flow between paragraphs. Ensure there is a connection between the presiding paragraphs. Failure to have flow will make the reader lose focus on the argument.
  3. Limit one idea per paragraph. Combining many ideas in one paragraph is always confusing. Therefore, ensure you present one idea in a logical way. Develop a topic sentence that has relation to the thesis statement. Thereafter, introduce the next paragraph in your last sentence.
  4. Provide evidence in the paragraph. Ensure that each paragraph has some evidence that supports the main idea. The evidence could be an example or literature statistics that clearly supports the idea in the topic sentence.

Weak Argumentative Essay Objection? 

What if you don’t know how to respond to the objection?

If your aim is to just win your argumentative essay, you may lose it. 

You have to present a very strong objection.